1 of 36 Nigerian States
Land of beauty, sunshine and hospitality

Year of Creation

August 27, 1991

Size of State

39,917 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Jimeta, Jada, Mubi, Ganye, and Numans

Major Ethnic Group(s)

Chamba, Hggi, Longuda, Bwatiye and Fulan

 Language(s) Spoken

Hausa and Fulfulde are the most prominent. Also spoken are Bacama/Bata (Bwatiye), Bura-Pabir, Huba (Kilba), Longuda, Mumuye and Samba Daka


Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

The state was formerly named Gongola from February 3, 1976 till August 27th, 1991 when its name changed to Adamawa.  The name “Adamawa” comes from the founder of the kingdom, Modibbo Adama, a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad organized by Usumaanu dan Fodio of Sokoto in 1804. Modibbo Adama came from the region of Gurin (now just a small village) and in 1806 received a green flag for leading the jihad in his native country.  In the following years Adama conquered many lands and tribes.  In 1838 he moved his capital to Ribadu, and in 1839 to Joboliwo.  In 1841 he founded Yola where he died in 1848.

Natural Resources: Iron, Lead, Zinc, and Limestone

Yola Municipality

Yola is the state’s capital and its most striking impression is its undulating topography of hill chains, especially the Three Sister Hills, named because they stand side by side and have the same height.  The city also boasts many cultural festivities between the months of March and May such as the fishing festival at Lake Njuwa.

  • Koma hills
  • Kiri Dam, near Guyuk
  • Mandara Mountains
  • Confluence of Rivers Benue and Gongola in Numan