1 of 36 Nigerian States
The Pearl of Tourism

Year of Creation

February 26, 1976

Size of State

49,119 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Azare, Ningi, and Misau

Major Ethnic Group(s)

Gerawa, Ningawa, Hausa, Fulani and Tangale

 Language(s) Spoken

Bole, Fulfulde and Hausa


Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

  • Named after the hunter, Baushe, who settled in the region before the arrival of Yakubu, the first traditional ruler of Bauchi emirate
  • The state formerly covered the territory of Gombe State and now is bordered by 7 states which include Kano and Jigawa to the north, Taraba and Plateau to the south, Gombe and Yobe to the east and Kaduna to the east.
  • Natural Resources: Cassiterite (tin ore), columbite, gypsum, wolfram, coal, limestone, lignite and iron ore

The Marshal Caves

Situated 7km from the Wikki Base Camp, there are 32 Marshal caves that cover a length of 200 meters and 10 meters deep, and range between 30-80 meters wide. Despite the various sizes, each cave shares a common design of a circular entrance in a cliff leading into round chambers. Centuries ago, they are believed to have served as a safe-haven against animal attacks and invaders.

Kwandon Kaya Stone Heaps

The Stone Heaps at Panshanure represents a historical moment in the lives of the locals. According to the tale, the stones were gathered after the Kwandon Kaya community learned of an impending invasion by the Emir of Bauchi, Mallam Yakubu, who upon seeing the stones, prayed to Allah for victory and afterwards sent a message to the Chief of Kwandon Kaya to inform him that his army would invade the village the next morning and they should be ready for him.  This gave the village time to prepare for the invasion.

The Babban Gwani Architectural Designs, Kafin Madaki

“Babban Gwani” was the nickname given to Muhammadu Duguru, a genius architect who designed and built many palaces for the Emirs (kings) of northern Nigeria.  His most popular designs are in Bauchi State at the Emir’s Palace in Bauchi and the Madaki’s Palace in Kafin Madaki village of Ganjuwa Local Government Area.  The seat of the Emir of Bauchi has Babban Gwani inscribed on the doorway.  The architect was ultimately killed for his talent because after he built a palace for the Emir of Zazzau, who commissioned his death in fear that Babban Gwani might build a better one elsewhere.

Dukkey Wells

Located 11 km from the gates of Mainamaji into to Wikki Camp, the Dukkey wells are 132 in number and are interconnected with only 10 to 15 feet apart.  It is believed that the site served as a check point during the slave trade.

Yankari National Park

Opened to the public in 1962, the Yankari National Park is the premier game reserve in Nigeria.  Covering 2,058 sq km of savanna woodland, the park is well-stocked with elephants, baboons, waterbucks, bushbucks, crocodile, hippopotamus, roan antelope, buffalo and various types of monkeys.  Lions are occasionally spotted as well, despite their natural camouflage.  Visitations between November and May, guarantee a better chance to see more game congregate around the rivers during the dry season.  The Wikki Warm Springs is one of the best features of the game reserves; flood-lit at night, it is wonderful after a hot day’s game-viewing to relax in the warm water.

  • Tafawa Balewa Tomb Monument
  • Lame/Bura Game Wildlife/Eco- Reserve Tourism
  • Geji Rock Painting Monuments