1 of 36 Nigerian States
Home of Peace

Year of Creation

February 3, 1976

Size of State

71,130 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Konduga, Jere, and Biu

Major Ethnic Group(s)


 Language(s) Spoken

Shuwa Arabic, Kanuri, and Marghi


Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

  • Formerly spelled as Bornu, the old empire of the Kanuri people.
  • Its name is said to mean “Home of the Berbers”, an ethnic group in Northern Africa.
  • Borno state was divided in 1991 with its western half known as Yobe state
  • It borders the Republic of Niger to the north, Lake Chad (and the Republic of Chad) to the northeast, Cameroon to the east and the Nigerian states of Adamawa, Gombe, and Yobe, to the south and west
  • Natural Resources: Diatomite, Clay, Limestone, Gypsium, Kaolin, Bentonite

Lake Chad

Lake Chad occupies a strategic location and serves the agricultural and economic needs of people in not only Nigeria, but the three neighboring countries of Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. Of paramount interest to tourists are the boating opportunities and tours of the numerous fishing villages in the area.

Kyarimi Park, Maiduguri

An ideal park for animal and bird lovers and the only place to see the captured hippopotamus in West Africa.

  • Shehu of Borno’s Palace
  • Sambisa Game Reserve
  • Fishing festival at Gahsua
  • Ngeji Warm Springs
  • The Alau Dam
  • Rabeh’s Fort at Dikwa
  • Laffy falls, Kuya
  • Chad Basin National EcoTourism Park
  • Abba Kari Zoo
  • Maiduguri Gwoza Hills