1 of 36 Nigerian States
The Center of Learning

Year of Creation

February 3,1976

Size of State

43,460 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Zaria, Kachia, GidanWaya, and Makarfi

Major Ethnic Group(s)

Kamuka, Gwari, Kadara, Hausa, Kurama, and Nerzit

 Language(s) Spoken

Gbari and Hausa


Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

  • Located along the banks of River Kaduna, the early settlers in the state were Gwaris and Fulanis.
  • Kaduna was the capital of the former Northern Nigeria and the central base of the colonial administration, which contributed to the rapid transformation into modern and popular city.
  • Natural Resources: Graphite, Sillimanite, Amethyst, Kyannite, Gold, Serpentine

City Wall, Zaria

One the best preserved wall among the cities of northern Nigeria, the city wall was used as a defensive barrier against invaders. However, the need for defensive walls disappeared after the British began colonizing the Western Sudan at the beginning of this century and many of the tall mud walls were destroyed by the rains of over 50 wet seasons. However, the walls of Zaria, still stand and span between 14 and 16 kilometers and are pierced by eight gates.

Nok Village, Kuwi

A trip to the Nok Village in Kaduna State launches visitors into physical romance with the renowned culture of the Nok people. The culture has been known for over 2,500 years and the relics were excavated by numerous scholars and research. Showcased are the Terra cotta heads of animals and men and weapons of war.

Foot Bridge, Kaduna Town

This is an interesting example of indigenous engineering before the advent of roads and railways in Nigeria. The bridge was originally erected by Lord Lugard at Zungeru in 1904 and re-erected in 1954 in the Kaduna Gardens.

  • Kerfena Hill, Zaria
  • Lord Lugard Hall and Government Monument Bridge
  • Maitsirga Falls, Kafanchan
  • Palace of the Emir of Zaria