1 of 36 Nigerian States
Center of Excellence

Year of Creation

May 27, 1967

Size of State

3,345 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Lagos (Eko), Ikorodu, Epe and Badagry, Eti-Osa, Apapa, Mushin, Surulere and Oshodi-Isolo

Major Ethnic Group(s)

Yoruba – Awoni, Egun, Ijebu, Benin, and Eko

 Language(s) Spoken



Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

  • Lagos takes its name from the Portuguese word for ‘lagoon’.
  • Though Lagos is the smallest state in Nigeria, it has the highest population, which is about 15% of the national estimate.
  • Lagos is currently the 4th most populous city in the world and first in Africa.
  • The state was the administrative entity on April 11, 1968 with Lagos Island serving the dual role of being the State and Federal Capital.
  • On 12th December, 1991, Lagos ceased to be Nigeria’s political capital due to the formal relocation of the seat of the Federal Government to Abuja.
  • Lagos is the nation’s economic and commercial capital. According to extant political records, “Lagos is to the people of Nigeria, what the head is to the body of an individual.”
  • Natural Resources: timber, clay, and Silica rich sands

The National Museum

Located at Onikan, the museum provides one of the largest collections of art and artifacts in Nigeria. Of great importance to anyone seeking a deeper understanding of African art and the rich cultural heritage of Nigeria, the artifacts in the museum date from 500 BC through 200 AD, and houses important relics such as the traditional Benin Bronzes and the Nok terracotta heads. Its interior is majestic in scope, and retraces the development of various cultures through centuries of Nigerian history. Operated by the National Commission for Museums and Monuments, the museum consistently draws thousands of tourists and historians each year to view its rich collections.

Coconut Beach

This beautiful beach in the coastal town of Badagry, west of Lagos is attractively set in an area surrounded by coconut trees. About 20 miles towards the border of Nigeria and the Republic of Benin, Coconut Beach is accessible through the Lagos-Badagry expressway. Visitors will find a friendly relaxed atmosphere.

Tarkwa Bay

Built in 1845 by Rev. Henry Townsend, Tarkway bay is a sheltered beach along the Lagos harbor that provides a pleasant outing with safe swimming conditions, even for small children. Tourist may obtain deck chairs and an awning on the beach, for relaxed, casual comfort.

  • Badagry and slave trade ports