1 of 36 Nigerian States
The Gateway State

Year of Creation

February 3, 1976

Size of State

16,762 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Ijebu, Sagamu, Ikenne, and Ado-Odo/Otta

Major Ethnic Group(s)


 Language(s) Spoken



Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

  • The state also leads the country in the number (9) of higher institutions.
  • Abeokuta, the capital of the state is also home to the 1st church and hospital in the country.
  • Ogun borders with the Republic of Benin, to the west, making it an access route to the expansive market of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), to the south by Lagos.
  • To the east is Ondo State and to the north are Oyo and Osun States.
  • Natural Resources: limestone, phosphate, granite stone, gypsum, bauxite, bitumen, feldspar, clay, glass sand, kaolin, quartz, tar sand and gemstones.

Olumo Rock

Olumo Rock is a massive outcrop of granite rocks of primitive formation from which the state’s capital, Abeokuta (meaning “under the rock”) derives its name. The Rock is sacred to the people of Abeokuta because it was where they found refuge from their attackers during times of war. The rock marked the end of their wanderings and struggles for existence. The interpretation of Olumo, or Oluwa fi mo in full, is “God has put an end to our wanderings”.

Oba’s Palace, Ake

Built in 1854, the palace serves as the official residence of the Alake, the traditional ruler of Egbaland. It is famous for its heavy concentration of antiquities and relics.

  • Ijaye Pottery
  • Ebute-Oni tourist beach (Natural)
  • Ancient Palace of the Cultural/ Alake of Egbaland Monument