1 of 36 Nigerian States
State of Living Spring

Year of Creation

August 27, 1991

Size of State

10,245 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Ile-ife, Ilesa, Irepodun, Atakumosa, Ijesha and Igbajo

Major Ethnic Group(s)


 Language(s) Spoken



Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

  • The name ‘’Osun’’ comes from a river that flows through the state. It is believed that Ile-Ife, a major town in the state, is where Olodumare (God) started the creation of the world. Thus it represents the beginning of life, the birthplace of civilization and the embodiment of all that we see or feel.
  • Natural Resources: Gold, clay, limestone, kaolin and granite

lfe Museum

The establishment of the lfe Museum is traced to Ooni Adesoji Aderemi but now under the management of National Monuments. The museum is appreciated for the numerous archaeological artifacts represented.

Osun Shrine

Situated on the bank of Osun River, the shrine represents an eloquent statement of the traditional religions of the people of Osogbo. The museum presents the many Yoruba gods and still remains an attraction any day.

Osun Festival

Osun was one of the wives of Sango, the god of Thunder and former King of Oyo state. She is widely worshipped by traditionalists in Yorubaland, particularly in the countryside where the River Osun flows. The water of Osun is said to have the power of making barren women fertile. Her most important sanctuaries are in Oshogbo town.

Opa Oranmiyan

In lfe, one object of attraction is Opa Oranmiyan is a staff made of stone with piercing spikes and nails. The staff (opa) belongs to Oranmiyan, the 3rd Ooni of lfe and it is believed that the staff was used as a weapon against enemies.

  • The Olumirin Waterfalls at Erin Ijesha

  • The Mbari-Mbayo Heritage
  • Idi-Baba Cultural Center
  • The Adunni Susan Winges Art Works Centers at Osogbo