1 of 36 Nigerian States
Nature's Gift to the Nation

Year of Creation

August 27, 1991

Size of State

55,920 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Ibi, Kurmi, Wukari, Karimlamido and Yorro

Major Ethnic Group(s)

Fulani, Mumuye, Ichen, Wurkum, Jukun, Jenjo, Kuteb, Kuteb, Chamba, Kunini, Bandawa, Kaka, Panso, Yandang and Mambilla

 Language(s) Spoken

Etkywan (Icen), Fulfulde, Jukun, Kpan, Mumuye, Samba Daka, Samba Leko, Tiv, and Yendang


Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

Taraba State Government

  • The state is named after theTaraba River which traverses the southern part of the state.
  • Taraba State is the region in Nigeria with the most languages spoken; around 73 spoken as the first language of its residents. Many of these languages, however, are becoming extinct due to the strong influence of Hausa and Fulani peoples.
  • Uniquely located in the northeastern flank of Nigeria, Taraba’s vast land resources is a tourist’s delight.
  • It borders 5 other states including an international border with Cameroon.

Mambilla Plateau

The Mambilla Plateau is comprised of a chain of mountains, Adamawa, Obudu, Shebshi and Alantika.  The Plateau boasts of the highest peak in Nigeria, measuring 1,830 meters above sea level.  It provides a scenic, cool and a pleasant change from the heat and humidity of Lagos. Visit the cattle ranches, tea plantations and rolling, grassy hills located within and around the plateau.  The rough terrain calls for a sport utility vehicle and camping is also recommended, though a few basic hotels are available on the plateau.

Gashaka-Gumti National Park

This is a vast land of spectacular wilderness (6,000 sq. km) in the southeast corner of Taraba State, adjoining the Mambilla Plateau. The park provides an attractive setting, well worth a visit. Its flora and fauna are different from the rest of Nigeria having the most ecologically diverse conservation area in the country with swaths of guinea savanna, gallery forest, moist forest, mountain forest and grassland.

Many rivers flow through the park, including the Taraba, a major tributary of the River Benue. A wide variety of animal life can be found, including buffalos, roan antelopes, chimpanzees, colobus monkeys, hippopotamuses, hyenas, giant forest hogs, lions and leopards.  The park is a birdwatcher’s paradise with a wide variety of species, and River Kam is excellent for fishing.