1 of 36 Nigerian States
Seat of the Caliphate

Year of Creation

February 3, 1976

Size of State

25,973.48 sq km

Capital City


Other Major Town(s)

Binji, Dange, Shunte, Kebbe, and Shagari

Major Ethnic Group(s)

Hausa, Fulani, Zarbawa, Taureg

 Language(s) Spoken

Fulfulde and Hausa


Tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons; the dry season (November – March) and the wet season (April – October)

State Website

  • The name Sokoto is the modern/anglicised version of the local name, Sakkwato, which is of Arabic origin. It is also known as Sakkwato, BirninShaihu da Bello or “Sokoto, Capital of Shaihu and Bello”
  • Kebbi and Zamfara were both carved out of th former sokoto state, thus they border Sokoto at the west/south and south/east, respectively. The Republic ofNiger borders to the north.
  • Natural Resources: Kaolin, gypsum, limestone, laterite, red mills, phosphate both yellow and green, shade clay

Usman Dan Fodio Tomb

Usman Dan Fodio has a significant place in the history of Nigeria as a famous Jihadist credited with the spread of Islam in the north and beyond. His tomb in Sokoto has remained an attraction and pilgrimage spot.

The Sultan of Sokoto Palace

The significance of the palace of the Sultan of Sokoto goes beyond cultural and artistic excellence. The palace is also the cohesive symbol of the Nigerian Muslim world located in the city of Sokoto, the state’s capital.